Recent Release | 19 May 2021

Chipping In: The U.S. Semiconductor Industry Workforce and How Federal Incentives Will Increase Domestic Jobs

Economic Consulting Team

Oxford Economics

With its origins in the latter part of the 20th century, the semiconductor industry has grown to become one of the most important segments of the global economy. Today, semiconductors are found in nearly every electronic device, including phones, cars, and appliances. Semiconductors enable nearly every industry, reflected by global sales of over $440 billion in 2020 alone.

Today, semiconductor companies are producing more chips than ever before. The success and growth in computers and software have subsequently helped to drive growth in the semiconductor industry. The U.S. semiconductor industry is substantial, directly contributing $246.4 billion to U.S. GDP and directly employing over 277,000 workers in 2020. However, the economic contribution of the semiconductor industry extends far beyond fabrication facilities (fabs) or research facilities where its products are designed and manufactured. The strong demand for all types of chips facilitates the need for a broader domestic support ecosystem including manufacturing equipment, materials, design services, testing labs, and R&D activity. This ecosystem creates activities that generate additional economic value throughout the U.S. economy.

For this study, Oxford Economics has quantified the economic contribution of the U.S. semiconductor industry by using an economic impact analysis at the national level in the U.S. This technique highlights the importance of the semiconductor industry to the U.S. economy in terms of jobs, wages, and GDP.

About the team

Our economic consulting team are world leaders in quantitative economic analysis, working with clients around the globe and across sectors to build models, forecast markets and evaluate interventions using state-of-the art techniques. Lead consultants on this project were:

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